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The Louvre Museum Collection on Egyptian Antiquities

Major works

How the Collection was formed

Map of Ancient Egypt

Location within the museum

Listing of collections guaranteed to be open

The Department of Egyptian Antiquities displays the remains of the civilisations along the banks of the Nile from the time of Nagada, around 4000 before our time, up to the Christian era, around the XIth century A.D., with a large Coptic section.

After more than three years of closure to the public, the Department hat opened its new rooms in December 1997. It now presents 5,000 works displayed in 4,120 m². Many of these works have been restored.

After having created the first Egyptian museum of the world in Turin, Champollion dedicated himself to the Louvre. On the 15th of December 1827, the Egyptian Museum at the Louvre was inaugurated by the king Charles X. Now, 170 years later, the Louvre takes up the tradition of a thematic presentation, adopted by Champollion in 1827.

See also
Egyptian art in the age of the pyramids

Pharaonic civilisation

Egyptian religion

From the end of Prehistory up to the Middle Kingdom
circa 3800-circa 1550 BC

The New Kingdom
circa 1550-circa 1069 BC

The last pharaonic dynasties and the Ptolemaic epoch
circa 1069-30 BC

Roman Egypt

Coptic Egypt


Exhibition Photographs

These pharaonic masterpieces are from the Louvre's renowned collection while their Egyptian galleries undergo renovation. You will rarely see an exhibition in which every single piece is a work of such extraordinary beauty and importance.

AkhenatenSeated Statue of Amenhotep IV (Akhenaten)
Seated comfortably on his cushioned throne, Akhenaten wears the nemes-headdress and holds a crook and flail, conventional attributes of kingship. © Musée du Louvre.

Akhenaten (back)Also see the back of the statue.

Bull PaletteBull Palette
This large ceremonial palette was probably dedicated in a temple as an offering of thanks for the military victory alluded to in the imagery. © Musée du Louvre.

Bull Palette (back)Also see the back of the palette

Seated Statue of Sesostris IIISeated Statue of Sesostris III
Sesostris III is renowned for his military campaigns in Nubia. His reign also introduced a new style of portraiture. © Musée du Louvre.

Amenemhat Statuette of Amenemhat III
Although this statuette is uninscribed, the facial features of Amenemhat III are unmistakable. The brooding quality is reminiscent of the portraits of his father; however, Amenemhat has a rounder face and fuller, more sensuous lips. © Musée du Louvre.

SebekneferuTorso of Queen Sebekneferu
Sebekneferu was the daughter of Amenemhat III. The last ruler of Dynasty 12, she was one of only five women in ancient Egypt to rule as king in her own right. © Musée du Louvre.

Relief of Tuthmosis IIIRelief of Tuthmosis III
Because Tuthmosis III came to the throne as a child, his stepmother Hatshepsut ruled on his behalf, first as regent, later as king beside him. © Musée du Louvre.

Temple of HatshepsutReconstructed Temple of Hatshepsut & Tuthmosis III on Elephantine Island
Photo by Lawrence M. Berman.

King as FalconKing as Falcon
The true nature of this statuette is revealed on the back and sides, for the king is depicted with the wings and body of a falcon. © Musée du Louvre.

Bust of Tuthmosis IVBust of Tuthmosis IV
Tuthmosis IV made treaties with the neighboring rulers that ushered in an era of peace and political stability lasting through the reign of his son Amenhotep III. © Musée du Louvre.

images coming soon...Statue of the God Amen Protecting Tutankhamen
This statue, probably from Karnak, was intentionally mutilated in ancient times. Originally, it showed the king standing between the god's legs, facing him and presenting to him a platter of offerings in return for the god's protection. All that remains of Tutankhamen are his heels. © Musée du Louvre.

images coming soon...Funerary Figurine of Ramesses IV
This shawabty represents Ramesses IV. An ambitious ruler, he prayed for twice the lifetime of Ramesses II, but died after only seven years on the throne. © Musée du Louvre.

images coming soon...Relief of a King, Probably Ramesses II
In this scene, the king originally faced a god who extended the hieroglyphic signs for life (ankh) and dominion (was) to his nose. The carving in sunk relief is exceptionally fine for Ramesses, who is better known for quantity than for quality, and preserves much of its original paint. © Musée du Louvre.

images coming soon...Block of Osorkon I Offering
Osorkon I was the second king of Dynasty 22. In this temple relief, he offers an image of the goddess Maat, the personification of truth and justice, to her father, the god Amen-Ra, whose figure appears on another block from the same temple. © Musée du Louvre.

images coming soon...Head of Nectanebo I (Nakhtnebef)
The back pillar of this statue identifies the ruler as Nectanebo I, the first king of Dynasty 30. The artists of this period looked back to Dynasty 26 and earlier periods for inspiration. © Photo by Bernard Terlay.

images coming soon...Head and Torso of a Roman Emperor, Probably Nero
This portrait is more Roman than Egyptian. The Egyptians rarely used marble, and the ruler's features lack any particularly Egyptian traits. Most un-Egyptian of all, the nemes-headdress (once topped by a Double Crown) is worn high on the forehead allowing a few curls of hair to protrude. © Musée du Louvre.

Egyptian Forgeries From The Kelsey Museum of Archeology

The Finding of the Rosetta Stone

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